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The 5 Stages of Team Development

Team leaders must effectively manage the team from the top at this stage. The norming stage arrives when the whole team starts working as one unit. By this stage, they have figured out the strategies that help them to work together. The roles and responsibilities of every member are on the table, and they work with more productivity as they understand the requirements and expectations. The second stage of team development is usually the most tumultuous, hence the name. But don’t panic, not all teams go through this period of storming.

team development process

Those who stand out start to get accepted by their peers as potential leaders. Team leaders should implement measures for managing competition and potential conflict among members. They also need to streamline competition and ensure the projects they're handling stay on track. In the Performing stage, the team makes significant progress towards its goals. Commitment to the team's mission is high and the competence of team members is also high. Team members should continue to deepen their knowledge and skills, including working to continuously improving team development.

Helpline & Support

The termination of the group is a regressive movement from giving up control to giving up inclusion in the group. Combining a group of skillful people four stages of group development and assuming they will be a great team is a hoax. The development of any team is the task at hand, and if you leave it unattended, it fails to grow.

  • Every team should have a facilitator─a person who leads and guides meetings and discussions.
  • Feel free to return to any of the previous steps as many times as necessary.
  • They know how to use resources efficiently, take risks, and adapt to change - in other words, they demonstrate team resilience.
  • To grow from this stage to the next, each member must relinquish the comfort of non-threatening topics and risk the possibility of conflict.
  • Team members need to learn to use conflict positively so that it doesn't slow or hinder their progress.

They may also be polite and nervous about how the team will gel. The apprehensive behavior usually arises because members are unsure about the project goals and their roles. However, once that's explained, they'll adjust to the roles that await them. A team comprises individuals brought together to fulfill a common goal.

Here’s What You Need To Know About Team Development Stages

But you have to find a way to make sure team members are aligned and on the same page. During this often turbulent period, some or all team members realize the project can’t match the early excitement and optimism they felt. Some may become more absorbed with the team’s failures and feelings of frustration and anger rather than working on tasks. Interactions between team members will devolve from the politeness and respect of early days into disagreements about task completion, goals, individual roles and group expectations. Any conflicts have little effect on the team’s performance because individuals have strategies for solving them without baiting the project’s progress and delivery timely.

team development process

Norms are only effective in controlling behaviors when they are accepted by team members. The level of cohesiveness on the team primarily determines whether team members accept and conform to norms. Team cohesiveness is the extent that members are attracted to the team and are motivated to remain in the team.

Modern team development with Charma

Gallup have been studying relationships at work for over thirty years and their research has consistently found that having a best friend at work leads to better performance. There are a few things you can do to reduce the intensity and duration of your storms. One way is to touch base with your team regularly through short stand up meetings. Failure to address problems here can result in long-term issues, but once this stage is passed through successfully, things will get easier.

So when conflicts do arise, it’s important to resolve them with effective problem-solving as they come instead of avoiding them. Having a team with already existing collaborative skills can help resolve conflicts more easily and faster. Next up is the performing stage, which tends to be where there is the most cohesive work environment, people are happy and excited and team performance is at an all-time high. There’s a clear and stable structure in place throughout the group and everyone is fully committed to achieving the goals put in place.

The Five Stages of Team Development

Every team should have a facilitator─a person who leads and guides meetings and discussions. Business owners, managers, and entrepreneurs are often viewed as team leaders. Understanding Tuckman’s development process can increase your chances of reaching project goal. Groups are so in-sync during the performing stage that it seems to happen naturally. In the performing stage, members are confident, motivated and familiar enough with the project and their team that they can operate without supervision.

During the Norm phases, team leaders should focus on boosting these positive changes and creating a culture where diversity of opinion and constructive criticism are welcome. This is a good time to review processes and make changes that increase productivity. There will be better opportunities for realizing the project goals within the set timelines at the forming stage.

The fundamentals of the 5 stages of team development

The manager or team leader has earned respect, and the project goal and way forward is clear. The storming stage is where each individual’s personality and preferred way of working shows itself. Team members may also begin to test each other or their leader and try to stand out from the rest. These stages are steps in the team building process and are similar to team building best practices. Team building requires effort, and when you achieve success in any or many of the team building steps, you should take time to acknowledge the win. In fact, experts encourage you to celebrate small wins with the team consistently.

team development process

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